Geography: The Countries and Territories of North America

North America is a continent located in the almost entirely northern half of the Western Hemisphere. The continent is made up of three regions: Northern America, Central America and the Caribbean. The following are the countries and territories of North America:

Northern America

Country Capital Official Language(s) Demonym
Bermuda (UK) Hamilton English Bermudan
Canada Ottawa English, French Canadian
Greenland (Den.) Nuuk (Godthåb) Greenlandic (Kalaalisut), Danish Greenlandic
Saint Pierre and Miquelon (Fr.) Saint-Pierre French Saint-Pierrais, Miquelonnais
United States of America Washington D.C. English American


Country Capital Official Language(s) Demonym
Anguilla (UK) The Valley English Anguillian
Antigua and Barbuda St. John’s English Antiguan, Barbudan
Aruba (Neth.) Oranjestad Dutch, Papiamento Aruban
Bahamas, The Nassau English Bahamian
Barbados Bridgetown English Barbadian
Bonaire (Neth.) Kralendijk Dutch, Papiamentu Bonairean
British Virgin Islands (UK) Road Town English Virgin Islander
Cayman Islands (UK) George Town English Caymanian
Clipperton Island (Fr.)
Cuba Havana Spanish Cuban
Curaçao (Neth.) Willemstad Dutch Curaçaoan
Dominica Roseau English Dominican (stress on “ni”)
Dominican Republic Santo Domingo Spanish Dominican (stress on “mi”)
Grenada St. George’s English Grenadian
Guadeloupe (Fr.) Basse-Terre French Guadeloupean
Haiti Port-au-Prince French, Creole Haitian
Jamaica Kingston English, Jamaican Patois Jamaican
Martinique (Fr.) Fort-de-France French Martinican, Martiniquaís
Montserrat (UK) Plymouth; Brades English Montserratian
Navassa Island (US)
Puerto Rico (US) San Juan Spanish, English Puerto Rican
Saba (Neth.) The Bottom Dutch Saban
 Saint Barthelemy Gustavia French Barthélemois(es)
Saint Kitts and Nevis Basseterre English Kittitian, Nevisian
Saint Lucia Castries English Saint Lucian
Saint Martin (Fr.) Marigot French St. Martiner
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Kingstown English Vincentian
Sint Eustatius (Neth.) Oranjestad Dutch Statian
Sint Maarten (Neth.) Philipsburg Dutch St. Maartener
Trinidad and Tobago Port of Spain English Trinidadian, Tobagonian
Turks and Caicos Islands (UK) Cockburn Town English Turks and Caicos Islander
US Virgin Islands (US) Charlotte Amalie English Virgin Islander

Central America

Country Capital Official Language(s) Demonym
Belize Belmopan English Belizean
Costa Rica San Jose Spanish Costa Rican
El Salvador San Salvador Spanish Salvadoran
Guatemala Guatemala City Spanish Guatemalan
Honduras Tegucigalpa Spanish Honduran
Mexico Mexico City Spanish Mexican
Nicaragua Managua Spanish Nicaraguan
Panama Panama City Spanish Panamanian

Categories: Geography

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