Geography: The Countries and Territories of Oceania

australia-oceania-political-map-08062015
Political map of Oceania. Image credit: mapsopensource.com.

The following are the countries and territories of Oceania:

Oceania

Country Capital Official Language(s) Demonym
 Australia Canberra English Australian
 Federated States of Micronesia Palikir English Micronesian
 Fiji Suva English, Fijian, Fiji Hindi Fijian
 Kiribati South Tarawa English, Gilbertese I-Kiribati
 Marshall Islands Majuro Marshallese, English Marshallese
 Nauru Yaren Nauruan, English Nauruan
 New Zealand Wellington English, Maori New Zealander
 Niue Alofi Niuean, English Niuean
 Palau Ngerulmud English, Paluan Paluan
 Papua New Guinea Port Moresby Hiri Motu, Tok Pisin, English Papua New Ginean
 Samoa Apia Samoan Samoan
 Solomon Islands Honiara English Solomon Islander
 Tonga Nuku’alofa Tongan, English Tongan
 Tuvalu Funafiti Tuvaluan, English Tuvaluan
 Vanuatu Port Vila Bislama, French, English Vanuatuan

Territories

Country Capital Official Language(s) Demonym
 American Samoa (US) Pago Pago English, Samoan American Samoan
Ashmore and Cartier Islands (AUS)
 Christmas Island (AUS) Flying Fish Cove English Christmas Islander
 Cocos (Keeling) Islands (AUS) West Island English Cocossian, Cocos Islandian
 Cook Islands (NZ) Avarua English, Cook Islands Maori Cook Islander
Coral Sea Islands (AUS)
 Easter Island (Chile) Spanish
 French Polynesia (France) Pape’ete French French Polynesian
 Guam (US) Hagåtña English, Chamorro Guamanian
 Hawaii (US) Honolulu English, Hawaiian Hawaiian
 New Caledonia (France) Noumea French New Caledonians
 Norfolk Island (AUS) Kingston English, Norfuk Norfolk Islander
 Northern Mariana Islands (US) Capital Hill (Saipan) English, Chamorro, Carolinian Northern Mariana Islander
 Papua (Indonesia) Jayapura
 Pitcairn Islands (UK) Adamstown English Pitcairn Islander
 Tokelau (NZ) Atafu Tokelauan, English Tokelauan
Wake Island (US)
 Wallis and Futuna (FRA) Mata-Utu French Wallisian, Futunan
  West Papua (Indonesia) Manokwari
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Geography: The Countries and Territories of Asia

Political map of Asia. Image credit: mapsopensource.com.

The following are the countries and territories of Asia:

Asia

Country Capital Official Language(s) Demonym
 Afghanistan Kabul Dari, Pashto Afghan
 Armenia1 Yerevan Armenian Armenian
 Azerbaijan2 Baku Azerbaijani Azerbaijani
 Bahrain Manama Arabic Bahraini
 Bangladesh Dhaka Bengali Bangladeshi
 Bhutan Thimpu Dzonghka Bhutanese
 Brunei Bandar Seri Begawan Malay Bruneian
 Cambodia Phnom Penh Khmer Cambodian
 China Beijing Standard Chinese Chinese
 Cyprus Nicosia Greek, Turkish Cypriot
 Georgia3 Tbilisi Georgian Georgian
 India New Delhi English, Hindi Indian
 Indonesia Jakarta Indonesian Indonesian
 Iran Tehran Farsi (Persian) Iranian, Persian
 Iraq Baghdad Arabic, Kurdish Iraqi
 Israel Jerusalem Hebrew, Arabic Israeli
 Japan Tokyo Japanese Japanese
 Jordan Amman Arabic Jordanian
 Kazakhstan Asmara Kazakh, Russian Kazakhstani
 Korea, North Pyongyang Korean North Korean
 Korea, South Seoul Korean South Korean
 Kuwait Kuwait City Arabic Kuwaiti
 Kyrgyzstan Bishkek Kyrgyz, Russian Kyrgyz
 Laos Vientiane Lao Laotian, Lao
 Lebanon Beirut Arabic Lebanese
 Malaysia Kuala Lumpur Malay Malaysian
 Maldives Malé Maldivian (Dhivehi) Maldivian
 Mongolia Ulaanbaatar Mongolian Mongolian
 Myanmar (Burma) Naypyidaw Burmese Burmese
 Nepal Kathmandu Nepali Nepali, Nepalese, Gurkha
 Oman Muscat Arabic Omani
 Pakistan Islamabad English, Urdu Pakistani
 Palestine Ramallah Arabic Palestinian
 Philippines Manila Filipino, Tagalog, English Filipino
 Qatar Doha Arabic Qatari
 Russia4 Moscow Russian Russian
 Saudi Arabia Riyadh Arabic Saudi, Saudi Arabian
 Singapore Singapore English, Malay, Mandarin, Tamil Singaporean
 Sri Lanka Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte, Colombo Sinhala, Tamil Sri Lankan
 Syria Damascus Arabic Syrian
 Taiwan (Chinese Taipei) Taipei Standard Chinese Taiwanese
 Tajikistan Dushanbe Tajik Tajikistani
 Thailand Bangkok Thai Thai
 Timor-Leste (East Timor) Dili Portuguese, Tetum East Timorese
 Turkey5 Ankara Turkish Turkish
 Turkmenistan Ashgabat Turkmen Turkmen
 United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi Arabic Emirati
 Uzbekistan Tashkent Uzbek Uzbekistani
 Viet Nam Hanoi Vietnamese Vietnamese
 Yemen Sana’a Arabic Yemeni

1 Armenia is geographically part of both Europe and Asia.
2 Azerbaijan is geographically part of both Europe and Asia.
3 Georgia is geographically part of both Europe and Asia.
4 Russia is geographically part of both Europe and Asia.
5 Turkey is geographically part of both Europe and Asia.

Territories

Country Capital Official Language(s) Demonym
Akrotiri and Dhekelia (UK) Episkopi Cantonment English, Greek, Turkish
 British Indian Ocean Territory (UK) Diego Garcia English
 Hong Kong (CHI) Hong Kong Chinese, English, Cantonese Hongkonger, Hong Kongese
 Macau (CHI) Macau Chinese, Portuguese, Cantonese Macanese

Geography: The Countries and Territories of Europe

Political map of Europe. Image credit: mapsopensource.com.

 

The following are the countries and territories of Europe:

Europe

Country Capital Official Language(s) Demonym
 Albania Tirana Albanian Albanian
 Andorra Andorra de Vella Catalan Andorran
 Armenia1 Yerevan Armenian Armenian
 Austria Vienna German Austrian
 Azerbaijan2 Baku Azerbaijani Azerbaijani
 Belarus Minsk Belarusian, Russian Belarusian
 Belgium Brussels Dutch, French, German Belgian
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Sarajevo Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian Bosnian, Herzegovinian
 Bulgaria Sofia Bulgarian Bulgarian
 Croatia Zagreb Croatian Croat, Croatian
 Cyprus Nicosia Greek, Turkish Cypriot
 Czech Republic Prague Czech Czech
 Denmark Copenhagen Danish, Greenlandic Danish, Dane
 Estonia Tallinn Estonian Estonian
 Finland Helsinki Finnish, Swedish Finnish
 France Paris French French
 Georgia3 Tbilisi Georgian Georgian
 Germany Berlin German German
 Greece Athens Greek Greek
 Hungary Budapest Hungarian Hungarian
 Iceland Reykjavik Icelandic Icelandic
 Ireland Dublin Irish/Irish Gaelic, English Irish
 Italy Rome Italian Italian
 Kazakhstan Astana Kazakh, Russian Kazakhstani
 Latvia Riga Latvian Latvian
 Liechtenstein Vaduz German Liechtensteiner, Liechtensteinerin
 Lithuania Vilnius Lithuanian Lithuanian
 Luxembourg Luxembourg French, German, Luxembourgish Luxembourger
 Macedonia Skopje Macedonian Macedonian
 Malta Valletta Maltese, English Maltese
 Moldova Chisinau Romanian Moldovan
 Monaco Monaco French Monegasque, Monacan
 Montenegro Podgorica Montenegrin Montenegrin
 Netherlands Amsterdam Dutch Dutch
 Norway Oslo Norwegian, Sami Norwegian
 Poland Warsaw Polish Pole, Polish
 Portugal Lisbon Portuguese Portuguese
 Romania Bucharest Romanian Romanian
 Russia4 Moscow Russian Russian
 San Marino San Marino Italian Sammarinese
 Serbia Belgrade Serbian Serbian
 Slovakia Bratislava Slovak Slovak
 Slovenia Ljubljana Slovene Slovene
 Spain Madrid Spanish, Basque, Calatan, Galician Spanish
 Sweden Stockholm Swedish Swede, Swedish
 Switzerland Bern German, French, Italian, Romansh Swiss
 Turkey5 Ankara Turkish Turkish
 Ukraine Kiev Ukrainian Ukrainian
 United Kingdom (Great Britain) London English British, Briton
 Vatican City Vatican City Italian

1 Armenia is geographically part of both Europe and Asia.
2 Azerbaijan is geographically part of both Europe and Asia.
3 Georgia is geographically part of both Europe and Asia.
4 Russia is geographically part of both Europe and Asia.
5 Turkey is geographically part of both Europe and Asia.

Territories

Country Capital Official Language(s) Demonym
 Åland Mariehamn Swedish Ålandic, Ålandish
 Faroe Islands Tórshavn Faroese, Danish Faroese
 Gibraltar Gibraltar English Gibraltarian
 Guernsey St. Peter Port English, French
 Isle of Man Douglas English, Manx Manx
 Jersey Saint Helier English, French

Geography: The Countries and Territories of Africa

Political map of Africa. Image credit: mapsopensource.com.

The following are the countries and territories of Africa:

Africa

Country Capital Official Language(s) Demonym
 Algeria Algiers Arabic Algerian
 Angola Luanda Portuguese Angolan
 Benin Porto Novo French Beninese, Beninois
 Botswana Gaborone English, Setswana Batswana, Motswana
 Burkina Faso Ouagadougou French Burkinabe
 Burundi Bujumbura Kirundi, French Burundian
 Cameroon Yaounde English, French Cameroonian
 Cape Verde Praia Portuguese Cabo Verdean
 Central African Republic Bangui French, Sango Central African
 Chad N’Djamena French, Arabic Chadian
 Comoros Moroni Comorian, Arabic, French Comoran
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Kinshasa French Congolese
 Republic of the Congo Brazzaville French Congolese
 Djibouti Djibouti French, Arabic Djiboutian
 Egypt Cairo Arabic Egyptian
 Equatorial Guinea Malabo Spanish, French, Portuguese Equatoguinean, Equatorial Guinean
 Eritrea Asmara Tigrinya, Arabic, English Ertrean
 Ethiopia Addis Ababa Amharic Ethiopian
 Gabon Libreville French Gabonese, Gabonaise
 Gambia Banjul English Gambian
 Ghana Accra English Ghanaian
 Guinea Conakry French Guinean
 Guinea-Bissau Bissau Portuguese Bissau-Guinean
 Ivory Coast Yamoussokro French Ivorian, Ivoirian
 Kenya Nairobi English, Swahili Kenyan
 Lesotho Maseru Sesotho Mosotho, Basotho
 Liberia Monrovia English Liberian
 Libya Tripoli Arabic Libyan
 Madagascar Antananarivo Malagasy, French Malagasy
 Malawi Lilongwe Chichewa, English Malawian
 Mali Bamako French Malian
 Mauritania Nouakchott Arabic Mauritanian
 Mauritius Port Louis Mauritian Creole, English, French Mauritian
 Morocco Rabat Arabic, Berber Moroccan
 Mozambique Maputo Portuguese Mozambican
 Namibia Windhoek English Namibian
 Niger Niamey French Nigerien
 Nigeria Abuja English Nigerian
 Rwanda Kigali Kinyarwanda, French  English Rwandan, Rwandese
 São Tomé and Príncipe São Tomé Portuguese Sao Tomean, Santomean
 Senegal Dakar French Senegalese
 Seychelles Victoria French, English, Seychellois Creole Seychellois, Seychelloise, Seselwa
 Sierra Leone Freetown English Sierra Leonian
 Somalia Mogadishu Somali, Arabic Somali, Somalian
 South Africa Bloemfontein, Cape Town, Pretoria English, Northern Sotho, Southern Ndbele, Southern Sotho, Swazi, Tsonga, Tswana, Venda, Xhosa, Zulu, Afrikaans South African
 South Sudan Juba English South Sudanese
 Sudan Khartoum Arabic, English Sudanese
 Swaziland Lobamba, Mbabane SiSwati, English Swazi
 Tanzania Dodoma Swahili, English Tanzanian
 Togo Lome French Togolese
 Tunisia Tunis Arabic Tunisian
 Uganda Kampala English, Swahili Ugandan
 Zambia Lusaka English Zambian
 Zimbabwe Harare English Zimbabwean

Territories

Country Capital Official Language(s) Demonym
 Canary Islands (ESP) Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Santa Cruz de Tenerife Spanish Canarian
 Ceuta (ESP) Ceuta Spanish Ceutan
 Madeira (POR) Funchal Portuguese Madeiran
 Mayotte (FRA) Mamoudzou French Mahoran
 Melilla (ESP) Melilla Spanish Melillan
 Plazas de soberanía N/A Spanish
 Réunion Saint-Denis French Réunionnais
 Lampedusa and Lampione Lampedusa e Linosa Italian

Geography: The Countries and Territories of South America

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Political map of South America. Image credit: mapsopensource.com.

South America is a continent located mostly in the southern half of the Western Hemisphere. The continent is bordered by the Pacific Ocean on the west, by the Atlantic Ocean on the north and east, and by the Caribbean Sea and North America on the northwest. The following are the countries and territories of South America:

South America

Country Capital Official Language(s) Demonym
 Argentina Buenos Aires Spanish Argentinian, Argentine
 Bolivia La Paz, Sucre Spanish Bolivian
 Brazil Brasilia Portuguese Brazilian
Chile Santiago Spanish Chilean
 Colombia Bogota Spanish Colombian
 Ecuador Quito Spanish Ecuadorian
 Falkland Islands (UK) Port Stanley English Falkland Islander
 French Guiana (Fr.) Cayenne French French Guianese
 Guyana Georgetown English Guyanese
 Paraguay Asuncion Spanish Paraguayan
Peru Lima Spanish Peruvian
 South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands King Edward Point English South Georgian,
South Sandwich Islander
 Suriname Paramaribo Dutch Surinamese
 Uruguay Montevideo Spanish Uruguayan
 Venezuela Caracas Spanish Venezuelan

Geography: The Countries and Territories of North America

Political map of North America. Source: mapsopensource.com

North America is a continent located in the almost entirely northern half of the Western Hemisphere. The continent is made up of three regions: Northern America, Central America and the Caribbean. The following are the countries and territories of North America:

Northern America

Country Capital Official Language(s) Demonym
 Bermuda (UK) Hamilton English Bermudan
 Canada Ottawa English, French Canadian
 Greenland (Den.) Nuuk (Godthåb) Greenlandic (Kalaalisut), Danish Greenlandic
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon (Fr.) Saint-Pierre French Saint-Pierrais, Miquelonnais
 United States of America Washington D.C. English American

Caribbean

Country Capital Official Language(s) Demonym
 Anguilla (UK) The Valley English Anguillian
 Antigua and Barbuda St. John’s English Antiguan, Barbudan
 Aruba (Neth.) Oranjestad Dutch, Papiamento Aruban
 Bahamas, The Nassau English Bahamian
 Barbados Bridgetown English Barbadian
 Bonaire (Neth.) Kralendijk Dutch, Papiamentu Bonairean
 British Virgin Islands (UK) Road Town English Virgin Islander
 Cayman Islands (UK) George Town English Caymanian
Clipperton Island (Fr.)
 Cuba Havana Spanish Cuban
 Curaçao (Neth.) Willemstad Dutch Curaçaoan
 Dominica Roseau English Dominican (stress on “ni”)
 Dominican Republic Santo Domingo Spanish Dominican (stress on “mi”)
 Grenada St. George’s English Grenadian
Guadeloupe (Fr.) Basse-Terre French Guadeloupean
 Haiti Port-au-Prince French, Creole Haitian
 Jamaica Kingston English, Jamaican Patois Jamaican
 Martinique (Fr.) Fort-de-France French Martinican, Martiniquaís
 Montserrat (UK) Plymouth; Brades English Montserratian
Navassa Island (US)
 Puerto Rico (US) San Juan Spanish, English Puerto Rican
 Saba (Neth.) The Bottom Dutch Saban
 Saint Barthelemy Gustavia French Barthélemois(es)
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Basseterre English Kittitian, Nevisian
 Saint Lucia Castries English Saint Lucian
 Saint Martin (Fr.) Marigot French St. Martiner
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Kingstown English Vincentian
 Sint Eustatius (Neth.) Oranjestad Dutch Statian
 Sint Maarten (Neth.) Philipsburg Dutch St. Maartener
 Trinidad and Tobago Port of Spain English Trinidadian, Tobagonian
 Turks and Caicos Islands (UK) Cockburn Town English Turks and Caicos Islander
 US Virgin Islands (US) Charlotte Amalie English Virgin Islander

Central America

Country Capital Official Language(s) Demonym
 Belize Belmopan English Belizean
 Costa Rica San Jose Spanish Costa Rican
 El Salvador San Salvador Spanish Salvadoran
 Guatemala Guatemala City Spanish Guatemalan
 Honduras Tegucigalpa Spanish Honduran
 Mexico Mexico City Spanish Mexican
 Nicaragua Managua Spanish Nicaraguan
 Panama Panama City Spanish Panamanian